Meaning and Symbolism Behind the Design…of My Flag

On January 17, 1893, U.S. troops took part in a conspiracy led by a small group of wealthy businessmen and sugar plantation owners to overthrow the Hawaiian Kingdom. In on the conspiracy was John L. Stevens, the U.S. minister to Hawaii, who ordered the U.S.S. Boston to land troops in Honolulu Harbor. The same day,

King Kalakaua Biography

  King David Kalakaua   David Laʻamea Kamananakapu Mahinulani Naloiaehuokalani Lumialani Kalākaua or “Kalākaua” and sometimes called The Merrie Monarch, was born on November 16, 1836 and was the last reigning king of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi. He reigned from February 12, 1874 until his death in San Francisco, California, on January 20, 1891. During